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What are the 7 Types of PPE?

Seven Types of Personal Protective Equipment?

PPE is the short form of Personal Protective Equipment. Selecting the right PPE to reduce exposure to hazards sufficiently is essential to laboratory safety. This section provides resources allowing researchers to identify and classify various PPE types to take safety precautions when conducting research.

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The 7 types of PPE include;

  • Head protection
  • Eye and face protection
  • Foot and leg protection
  • Hand protection
  • Body protection
  • Hearing protection
  • Respiratory protection

Each type above has its related safety equipment, as described below.

Head Protection

There are five significant objectives of head protection. It is to protect the head in falls; against falling objects, impact with fixed objects, or wielded weapons; by offering thermal insulation; against entanglement and laceration to the head; and against scalping/entanglement, especially on machinery where injuries are still many.

Eye and Facial Protection

Safety eyewear is explicitly designed to minimize the chance of damage to toxic splashes, laser rays, and airborne debris achieving eye protection. There are four main types of eye protection—each of which has its drawbacks—involving ordinary safety glasses, laser safety glasses, chemical splash goggles, and impact goggles. All PPE must be cleaned thoroughly, and with eye safety, this is highly necessary as dirty lenses lead to impaired vision and may lead to injuries. By using face shields, you can get full-face protection.

ppe 1

Foot And Leg Protection

A wide variety of protective footwear protects the legs and feet from various dangers like crushing, sliding, piercing, temperatures, electric shocks, chemicals, cutting and chopping, or feet. Different PPE choices, like safety boots, shoes with protective caps and penetrating midsole, gaiters, leggings, and spats, may be suitable, based on the danger.

Hand Protection

The selection of gloves is essential to protecting hands. Chemically protective gloves are the most important tools to minimize dermal exposures to chemicals in research laboratories. Only use gloves under the specific conditions they designed since no glove is resistant to all chemicals. It is also essential to note that gloves degrade over time, so replace them as necessary to ensure adequate protection.

Body Protection

It may require body protection for extended periods of work outdoors to protect against the weather and ensure high visibility during work where there are hybrid vehicles and pedestrian traffic. PPE for the body is necessary where workers are exposed to extremes of temperature (whether outdoors or indoors), and chemical or metal splash, spray from pressure leaks or spray guns, impact or penetration, contaminated dust, excessive wear, the entanglement of their clothing or the risk of drowning.

Lab coats are necessary when in a wet lab environment. Cotton/poly blends are adequate for labs without the risk of fire. Nomex coats are essential for work with pyrophoric, flammable liquids in quantities of over 4 liters or when work involves flammable liquids and an ignition source such as a burner. Wear barrier coats when working with infectious materials. Barrier coats can be autoclaved by placing the coats in a pan and placing an additional pan of water in the neuter.

When choosing body protection, consider the following factors:

  • Thermal comfort, for example, because of sweating;
  • Price and convenience of cleaning;
  • Emergency operations, like buoyancy or the need to be detected or identified in dangerous situations;
  • Degree of hygienic control needed;
  • Levels of personal pollution;
  • Preference;
  • Restriction of movement;
  • Storage;
  • Temperature and humidity fluctuation;
  • Whether it involves the worker in an area that is wet or dry.
ppe

Hearing Protection

All laboratory personnel should contact their superiors to perform noise monitoring and advice on hearing protectors' specific use. You should receive annual audiometric testing and have hearing protectors made available to you by your supervisors. Your employers should provide training on the fitting, use, and care of these devices. In supplying hearing protection, workers should pick adequate protectors for the workplace environment and evaluate how safe and hygienic they are. A hearing aid would need to comply with other PPEs (e.g., hard hats, dust masks, eye protection) used by staff.

Employers may also need to include various protectors to allow workers to select the ones that suit their needs. When choosing to hear protection, use the comprehensive noise measurement to decide the attenuation needed at High, Medium, and Low frequencies to fit the products. Remember where earplugs are used; employees will need the training to ensure that they use them correctly. When using ear defenses, guarantee that no headphones or buds are used concurrently. It may be necessary to designate both plugs and defenders for high noise conditions.

Respiratory Protection

We only use respiratory protective equipment as a "last line of defense," As a result, individual assessment and training are necessary. Proper fitting and use are the keys to respirator efficacy. Individuals who believe one or more of their job tasks need respiratory protective equipment should contact their superiors. Respiratory protection includes equipment ranging from breathing apparatus and positive pressure-powered respirators to protective hoods, close-fitting full-face respirators, half-mask respirators, and disposable face masks. Therefore, it is vital to choose the best hazard equipment and ensure that proper training is provided for its use.

Note that the only form of respiratory protection suitable for work in a confined space is the breathing apparatus. Other forms of respiratory protection do not provide a source of air or oxygen. Face fit testing requirements apply to all close-fitting respirators. Fit-testing assures the selected respirator is worn correctly to allow proper performance. During fit-testing, the employee receives training on storing, handling, and sanitizing the respirator. Once the employee completes initial fitting and training, he must enroll in and attend yearly maintenance training.

Other Questions

When and Where Should You Wear PPE?

PPE can be used when workers face everyday threats at work, such as infection, chemical spillage, cutting, and airborne projectiles. People should only use protective equipment after they have successfully carried out a risk assessment. The PPE can only be applied if the employee faces threats every day. This is a legal necessity under the PPE rules, including the detection of threats and implementing policies to manage them. Only then will employers manage health and safety facilities for staff.

Nurses, physicians, and chefs all need personal equipment to protect themselves from contamination and potential risks in health centers and restaurants or hotels. Builders, carpenters, woodworkers, and designers use PPE at construction sites. Many machines and tools can cut those who operate them, so they need PPE.

What is the OSHA Standard for PPE Use?

Personal protective equipment (PPE) is addressed in specific OSHA standards for general industry, maritime, and construction. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) regulates employers to shield their workers from occupational risks that may cause injuries or infections. These injuries and conditions may result from contact with chemical, radiological, physical, electrical, or mechanical, and other workplace hazards. Controlling a threat at its source is the best way to protect workers. The equipment worn to minimize exposure to various risks includes gloves, foot and eye protection, protective hearing devices (earplugs, muffs), hard hats, coveralls, respirators, and full bodysuits.

What are the Best Prescription Safety Glasses?

Selecting the right pair of prescription safety glasses is a combination of factors. First, you ought to decide what type to wear:

  • Chemical goggles;
  • Advanced eyewear for welding, or
  • Wrap-around goggles for anyone that might come into contact with dust or flying particles.

The next factor is whether to get an over-wear or a prescription. Many that have considered wearing protective glasses over regular glasses will realize how uncomfortable they feel. Prescription safety glasses are a safer choice.

Selecting the appropriate material is also a significant necessity. If you're shopping for a new pair of protective eyewear, search for an American National Standards Institute with a Z87 label on the frame. Polycarbonate is the preferred material since it is more durable than glass or acrylic, or trivex.

Selecting the best fit is the fourth factor you should remember. If the pair is not a comfortable match to your face, there could be a slight gap that may cause debris bits to fall in. Remember that 100 workers a day getting an eye injury will sometimes mean never to return to work. So, give your eyes the value they need and select carefully.

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Last update on 2021-04-18 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API

References

If you require more information, please check these references

PE and PPE Genes: A Tale of Conservation and Diversity , article, "link.springer.com", retrieved on, Mon 01-March-2021

Smart PPE and CPE Platform for Electric Industry Workforce , article, "link.springer.com", retrieved on, Mon 01-March-2021

Author: Nick

Hi, I am Nick, and I have suffered with ear problems my whole life, mainly tinnitus. I have tried a lot of products to help protect my ears over this period, and several devices to block out the constant ringing

“Are you having problems hearing? If so, those around you already know it. Hearing loss is no laughing matter, so don’t be a punchline.”

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